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Tackling insecurity with technology

A Nigerian delegation led by the Minister of State for Defence, Bello Mohammed Matawalle, attended the second edition of the Saudi Defence Exhibition to explore…

A Nigerian delegation led by the Minister of State for Defence, Bello Mohammed Matawalle, attended the second edition of the Saudi Defence Exhibition to explore technology solutions, especially latest security technologies, and share information and ideas on the latest defence systems to combat insecurity.

The global exhibition has no doubt presented a unique opportunity for Nigeria to address its ongoing challenges in collaboration with international communities.

The armed forces have over the years made some strides in utilising technology to enhance the activities of its personnel and operations, but yet much still needs to be done.

Though the Defence Industries Corporation of Nigeria (DICON) in Kaduna State is responsible for the production of military hardware and some civilian products, the company should leverage the Fourth Industrial Revolution (4IR) to revive the company and put it in a better position to overcome the security challenges.

The 4IR, characterised by advancements in AI, big data and robotics offers a plethora of tools that could fundamentally alter the security landscape. Drones equipped with facial recognition can track suspects, while AI-powered analytics can predict crime hotspots. Sophisticated communication networks can connect security forces across vast distances, and blockchain technology can ensure the transparency and accountability of operations.

Meanwhile, the advantages of using technology are undeniable. Imagine a scenario where Nigerian security forces receive real-time intelligence on criminal activities, enabling them to proactively prevent attacks and apprehend perpetrators.

Also, bolstering our border security with AI-powered tools will boost surveillance systems, making it virtually impossible for criminals to infiltrate the country undetected. When communication gaps are bridged, this will allow for seamless collaboration between different security agencies, fostering a unified response to threats.

However, harnessing the power of the 4IR for security is not without its challenges. Infrastructure deficiencies, particularly in rural areas, could hinder the deployment of essential technologies. Data privacy concerns must be addressed to ensure citizens’ rights are not infringed upon.

And perhaps most importantly, the human element cannot be ignored. Effective implementation requires not just technology, but also a cultural shift towards innovation, collaboration and data-driven decision-making within security agencies.

Nonetheless, despite the challenges, the potential rewards are too significant to ignore. The Nigerian military cannot afford to be left behind in the 4IR. The nation must embrace this technological revolution and leverage its potential to address the root causes of insecurity, such as poverty, lack of opportunity, and social injustice.

Achieving this requires investing in infrastructure, thereby expanding internet access and building robust communication networks for the deployment of tech-based security solutions. Training security personnel in using and interpreting technological tools is also essential for maximizing their effectiveness.


Mukhtar Madobi is  the author of “National Security Strategies: A Young Writer’s Perspective.” 


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