On behalf of the entire Oshodi- Tapa Family of the Lagos Island we start by applauding your great strides sir, in attracting more glory to the traditional rulership institution not only in Lagos State but in Nigeria as a whole. We pray most fervently that your labour shall yield the most rewarding dividends that will make generations of future Lagosians continue to remember you for good. Amen. K’ade pe l’ori, ki bata p’el’ese. Esin Oba a je’ko pe, iru kere a d’okinni o, Kabiyesi.
This our communication focuses on two interelated issues. The first is with regards to the ownership of Oshodi land. This is really foundational and will help the understanding of what we reckon as the raging, more publicized, second issue. The second, which is an extension of the first, is with regards to who has the right to the stool of the Bale of Oshodi (or Oba of Oshodi, as being currently touted by some charlatans.)
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First of all, we want to repeat our thanks to you sir, on the all-important matter. By all means, we are equally grateful to the Council of Obas and Chiefs in Lagos, which your highness preside over, for being supportive of our just cause and the authentic tradition. We also want to profoundly express our appreciation to all the elders of our Oshodi Family for their omoluabi ethos in response to several provocative occurrences directed at our family and our inheritances.
Permit us, your royal highness, to recount that Oshodi Town situated within Oshodi/Isolo Local council area belongs to no one, other than the Oshodi Tapa Family of Lagos Island. It is not yesterday’s claim but an established historical fact that has endured more than two centuries or over 200 years. This has also been re-established and reinforced by courts
Formally speaking, permit us sir to refer to a judgement delivered by a Lagos High Court on April 19th,1960. This was later affirmed first by the Supreme Court of Nigeria on March 5th, 1963, and then again by the Supreme Court after another spurious challenge on July 14, 2000.
In 1960, the presiding judge over a legal challenge to our ownership of the land ruled thus: “I am quite satisfied from the evidence that the Oshodi family have for a considerable period of well over a hundred years been in possession and occupation of the land in dispute and have during this time openly exercised acts of ownership over the land without protest from the plaintiffs. I do not accept the plaintiff’s case that the defendants’ family have been regularly paying tribute on the land in dispute. I believe and accept the defence that they have occupied the land in dispute, including Oshodi Village, without rent or tribute.” (Attached sir)
This naturally leads to the question: why did we have to contend with legal challenges to the ownership of the land?
Several centuries ago, our ancestor, Chief Tapa Oshodi was given this land in recognition of his military prowess and assistance to the Onigbesa of Igbesaland during the era of the Slave Trade. The land gift was a gesture of appreciation by the Onigbesa, who was the original owner of this area from time immemorial and it has been our possession since, not as customary tenants but as absolute owners. The Onigbesa gifted the land to Chief Oshodi Tapa without conditions.
We wish to recall with sense of honour sir that Chief Oshodi Tapa, after whom Oshodi Town is named, was a highly respected chief of the Oba of Lagos and he performed several high level and high-risk tasks for the Oba of Lagos, especially in the area of ensuring that security of lives and property was provided across what is now present day Lagos and parts of Ogun State.
From the late 1950s, there had been several attempts by rancorous elements caliming to be related to Onigbesa represented by the Agedegudu family, to violate this agreement. We thank God, who is always with the just, that all such attempts to subvert our inheritance had failed.
Permit us sir to crave your indulgence by referring to a judgement affirmed by the Supreme Court of Nigeria, in the case FSC.413/61between Sunmonu Agedegugu (Plaintiff/Appellant) and Sanni Ajenifuja and Ors (Defendants/Respondents.)
The learned trial judge proclaims thus: “I have therefore on the evidence before me arrived at the following conclusions:
- That there was a grant by the Onigbesa family of the land in dispute to the Defendants’ family
- That I am unable to find as fact where the grant was made by the Onigbesa family of Igbesa or by the plaintiffs, the Onigbesa family from Isolo.
- That in any event I am satisfied from the evidence that this grant was an absolute grant and that the Oshodi family now hold the land in dispute as absolute owners and not as customary tenants.
This judgement was further validated by the Supreme Court of Nigeria in 2000 when a faction of the Agedegudu family cunningly instituted another lawsuit to overturn the earlier ruling of the Supreme Court. In the case, between Dr Rasaki Oshodi, Chief G.F.A. Inasa Thomas and Chief Musa Esugbayi (for themselves and on behalf of the Oshodi Family) and Yisa Oseni Eyifumi and Lamina Eniyantan (for themselves and on behalf of the Odujaguda family, otherwise known as Akinowo family), their Lordships Abubakar Wali, Emanuel Obioma Ogwuegbu, Anthony Ikechukwu Iguh, Okay Achike and Akintola Olufemi Ejiwumi unanimously ruled that the land belongs to the Oshodi family.
“In the finding of the court, the grant of the land in dispute to the defendants’ family was an absolute grant and the defendants and their ancestors had occupied the land in dispute for well over one hundred years and exercised acts of possession and ownership over the land without payment of any tributes.”
This brings us to the issue of the rulership of Oshodi, Your Highness. The Yoruba say “eni to n’ile l’’oni eto si Oba” (the owner of the land is logically the only one entitled to the rightful ownership of the land’s obaship or kingship and indeed all authorities). It therefore would stand to reason that members of the Oshodi family, being undisputed owners of the land, would be the traditional rulers of the entire Oshodi community in focus. Indeed, that has been the case since the establishment of the community until lately when outsiders and impostors – trying to leverage on political affiliations –started making efforts to usurp and distort time-honoured tradition. It is our sincere belief that your administration, with such an enviable record within a short period, will further dignify fairness and justice.
Kindly permit us to humbly add at this point that all the gazetted Oshodi chiefs are all from the Oshodi family. IN FACT, ALL THE BALES OF OSHODI ARE FROM OUR FAMILY AND THE ONLY INTERLOPER, INSTALLED AGAINST REASON, WAS NULLIFIED BY THE COURT. In all, there had been nine Baale at Oshodi. The first was Baale Faremi Taraeni Ajagungbade (1850- 1866) and the last, authentic Baale was Baale Yesufu Seidu Owoseni (1983-2005). Indeed, to ensure clear perfection of the pre-exisiting tradition, Owoseni was made to comply with the full endorsement of the Oshodi Tapa Family. He formally sought and got same before he got the staff of office following his formal installation.
The only aberration to this seamless tradition, as I stated earlier, was the purported installation of one Yisa Oseni Eyifunmi on 29th October, 2006 that was swiftly overturned by the judiciary. In her ruling of 4th May 2007, Justice M.O Obadina of the Lagos State High Court correctly ruled that the said Eyifunmi was wrongly installed as Bale of Oshodi since his nomination did not come from the Oshodi family and he was not known to the family.
Kabiyesi, we understand that there are ongoing efforts to upgrade the stool to one of the Oba Grade 1. W wish to recall that this was informed by our petition seeking to upgrade our chieftaincy title from Bale of Oshodi to Olurogun of Oshodiland. It is our expectation that this, when done, would follow seamlessly on the already established tradition of succession to the throne of the number one citizen of Oshodi-Land.
We are not unaware of several strange claims to the throne, including the gambit by Alhaji Musiliu Ayinde Akinsanya to be installed as Oba of Oshodi. We want to publicly distance our family from this campaign.
We are confident that your inimitable respectability remains ever fittingly relevant and capable of marring machinations that could cause a breach of law and order in Oshodi and beyond in Lagos. We hold strongly, your Highness, that yours is a leadership that will always be supportive of the sanctity of invaluable traditions as well as the sanctity of the rule of law.
As we patiently await your gracious intervention, we stand on the truth most peacefully. We stand on justice. We equally stand on the justness of our position. We are not shaken or moved by the noise of the marketplace or the pretentious preening of peacocks. Most respectfully, our family is holding its own consultations on who to choose as the next Bale of Oshodi. We shall humbly do well to formally, with all courtesy, let you know our choice at the end of the process.
On behalf of the Oshodi Tapa Family of Lagos Island, Epe and Oshodi, we thank you once again for your attention
God bless Kabiyesi, the Oba of Lagos. God bless Lagos State. God bless Oshodi Community. God bless Nigeria.
Pa Surakat Alabi Oshodi, Olori Ebi Oshodi-Tapa Chieftaincy Council, writes from Lagos